Non-Herbicide Management Options
1. Physical Management Options
Pipewort can be pulled, mowed or dug up. Physical control methods are generally more effective than herbicides.
2. Biological Management Options
At this time, there are no known biological controls for pipewort.
Herbicide Control Options
Always read the product label for directions and precautions, as the label is the law. Click on the name of the product to see the label. Read the label for specific water use restrictions.
The active ingredients that have been successful in treating this plant include:
1) Flumioxazin is a water dispensable granule that is to be sprayed or injected after mixing. It is a broad spectrum, contact herbicide. Contact herbicides act quickly. Flumioxazin should be applied to actively growing plants and a surfactant (a substance that reduces water tension) will be needed if the herbicide is applied to foliage of floating or emergent plants. Water pH needs to be below 8.5 or flumioxazin will rapidly degrade and lose effectiveness.
Common trade and product names include but are not limited to:
One danger with any chemical control method is the chance of an oxygen depletion after the treatment caused by the decomposition of the dead plant material. Oxygen depletion can kill fish in the pond. If the pond is heavily infested with weeds, it may be possible (depending on the herbicide chosen) to treat the pond in sections and let each section decompose for about two weeks before treating another section. Aeration, particularly at night, for several days after treatment may help control the oxygen depletion.
One common problem in using aquatic herbicides is determining area and/or volume of the pond or area to be treated. To assist you with these determinations see SRAC #103 Calculating Area and Volume of Ponds and Tanks.
Many aquatically registered herbicides have water use restrictions (See General Water Use Restrictions).
To see the labels for these products click on the name. Always read and follow all label directions. Check label for specific water use restrictions.
Pipewort can be grown by planting the seeds in moist, loose soil.
If you need assistance, contact the Ag & Natural Resources agent in your county or hire a professional.